Gains In Indigenous Education And Work But Gaps Remain: Abs

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30th October 2009, 02:33pm - Views: 1052







October 30, 2009

Embargoed: 11:30 AM (AEDT)

77/2009


Gains in Indigenous education and work but gaps remain: ABS


There have been gains in Indigenous education and employment over the six years

to 2008. As there were also gains for all Australians, gaps remain between outcomes

for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, according to the National Aboriginal

and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey released today by the Australian Bureau of

Statistics (ABS).


Education 

More young Indigenous people are completing Year 12 and further studies. In 2008,

over one-in-five (21%) Indigenous people aged 15–64 years had completed Year 12

(up from 18% in 2002), while 40% of those aged 25–64 years held a non-school

qualification (up from 32%).


Despite these improvements, educational attainment rates remain at around half

those for non-Indigenous people. In 2008, 54% of non-Indigenous people had

completed Year 12 and 61% had non-school qualifications. 


Work

More Indigenous Australians were in employment in 2008, 54% of people aged 15-64

years, up from 48% in 2002. Correspondingly, the unemployment rate for Indigenous

people decreased from 23% to 17%, but this rate was over three times the rate for all

Australians in 2008.


Health

For adults (15+ years) smoking rates were lower in 2008 (47%), a decline from 51%

in 2002 while other health outcomes remained stable, with close to half (44%) of all

adults reporting ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’ health in 2002 and in 2008. 


In 2008, over three quarters (77%) of children (aged 4-14 years) were also reported

as having ‘excellent’ or ‘very good’ health, with 74% of children physically active for

at least 60 minutes everyday. The survey also showed that over three quarters (76%)

of Indigenous infants (aged 0-3 years) had been breastfed.


Culture and language

More Indigenous adults identified with a clan, language or tribal group, 62% in 2008

up from 54% in 2002, while rates of speaking Indigenous languages have remained

steady, with around 11% mainly speaking an Indigenous language at home.  


Results from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2008

(cat. no. 4714.0) are available for free download from the ABS website, including

state/territory comparisons for some indicators. 

FURTHER INFORMATION

Interview requests and state summary tables

Corporate Communications 1300 175 070


When reporting ABS data, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (or

ABS) must be attributed as the source

Culture Indigenous Australian Bureau Of Statistics 2 image

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Selected characteristics of Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons

Adults

2002

2008

2002

2008

2002

2008

%

%

%

%

Education

Highest year of school completed is year Highest year of school completed is year 12 or equivalent (20-24 yrs)Has a nonHas a non-school qualification (25-64 yrs)

12

or equivalent

(

15


64

yrs

)

17.728.126.832.1

21.231.332.940.2

46.371.348.554.6

53.876.254.361.3

0.40.40.60.6

0.40.40.60.7

-

school qualification

(

15


64

yrs

)

Work(a)

Labour force participation rate (15-64 yrs)Employment to population ratio (15-64 yrs)Unemployment rate

62.648.223.0

64.553.816.6

74.669.9

76.572.7

0.80.73.6

0.80.73.3


(15-64 yrs)

6.3

5.0

Health

Self assessed heath status excellent/very good (15+ yrs)

Crude rateAge standardised rate(b)

44.137.1

43.737.9

51.851.7

56.156.6

0.90.7

0.80.7

Current smoker (15+ yrs)

Crude rateAge standardised rate(b)

50.948.1

46.845.1

22.822.7

19.820.1

2.22.1

2.42.2

Housing

Owners with and without mortgages (15+ yrs)(c)Overcrowding-requires one or more bedrooms (15+ yrs)Lives in dwelling with major structural problems (15+ yrs)

26.525.738.1

28.624.928.2

74.1

72.3

0.4

0.45.91.9

––

4.2

––

15.2

Language

Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander language main language at home (15+ yrs)Speaks an Indigenous language (15+ yrs)(d)

12.043.1

11.540.4

––

––

––

––

Children

Physically active for at least 60 minutes every day (4-14 yrs)Had ever been breastfed (0-3 yrs)Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander language main language at home (4-14 yrs)Speaks an Indigenous language (4-14 yrs)(d)Whether involved in cultural events, ceremonies or organisations (4-14 yrs)Spends time with an Indigenous leader or elder for at least one day each week (4-14 yrs)

––––––

74.175.5

––––––

––––––

––––––

––––––

8.3

34.572.631.1

a. For work Indicators, non-Indigenous comparisons in 2002 and 2008 relate to the total Australian population (including Indigenous persons).b. Proportions are age standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.c. For housing indicators, non-Indigenous comparisons in 2002 relate to the total Australian population (including Indigenous persons).d. Includes those who spoke 'only some' Indigenous words.e.  An Indigenous to non-Indigenous rate ratio of 1.0 indicates parity, while rate ratios greater than 1.0 indicate relative Indigenous advantage/disadvantage, depending on the indicator. For positive indicators such as educational outcomes, a rate ratio of less than 1.0 indicates relative Indigenous disadvantage, whereas for negative indicators such as the unemployment rate, a rateratio greater than 1.0 indicates relative Indigenous disadvantage.

Source2007

:

For Indigenous persons

, .

2002

and

2008

NATSISS

;

for non

-

Indigenous

,

2002

and

2008

Survey of Education and Work

,

2002


03

and

2008

Survey of Income and Housing


2001

and


08

National Health Survey

Indigenous Persons

Non-Indigenous Persons

Rate ratio - (gap)(e)






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